Galileo Galilei
Natural philosopher. Born 15.2.1564 in Pisa .Died 8.1.1642 in Arcetri near Florence. Founder of modern physics based on studies and experiments. As a student he observed the isochronism of the oscillations of pendulums of equal lengths. He invented the hydrostatic balance to determine specific weights and established the laws of falling bodies in Pisa in 1589. 3 years later he was appointed to the chair of mathematics at the University of Padua. The construction of a telescope in 1609 enabled him to discover hills and valleys on the surface of the moon, discover the satellites of Jupiter, the spots on the sun, verify the phases of Venus and so on. In 1610 he was called to Florence where he clashed with the church when he credited the heliocentric world system of Copernicus and was subsequently committed to silence in 1616.  During  1626-1630 he wrote his first great work “ Dialogue on the two chief world systems”  in which he made a renewed attempt to prove the truth of the heliocentric world system. In 1633 he was tried before the Inquisition in Rome on charges of insubordination and heresy. He was forced to renounce his theories and remained prisoner of the Inquisition until his death. In 1992 Galilei was publicly reinstated by Pope John Paul II.
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Institute and Museum of the History of Science of Florence, Italy - Room IV Galileo
The Galileio-Project, Rice University
Galileo Galilei, The Catholic Encyclopedia
Astronomics and Physics: Galileo
Galileo and the Inquisition, Rice University
History of Science: Galileo, Prof. Fred L. Wilson
Yahoo-Collection of Galilei-Articles
Ansprache von Papst Johannes Paul II. an die Päpstliche Akademie der Wissenschaften am 31. Oktober 1992 (in German)

Netradio (Beitrag über die Rockoper)

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